| European Arnica |
| Arnica montana|
| Uses: Medicinal
|| Duration: Perennial (hardy in zones 6-9) |
| When to Sow: Spring/Late Summer/Early Fall
|| Ease of Germination: Moderate |
Famous Swiss herb used externally for bruises, burns and inflammations. A hardy alpine perennial, it enjoys a cool climate and good drainage in acid soil, making it well suited to rock gardens and raised beds. Seeds can sometimes be difficult to germinate, and some growers find propagation by division is easiest. The starry golden yellow flowers that bloom throughout the summer are very attractive to bees. Foliage is aromatic. Arnica is has strong analgesic and antiseptic effects. Applied externally in the form of salves or rubs, it is considered one of the best remedies for wounds available to modern herbalists; however internal use is no longer recommended on account of a cardiac action. Now a protected herb in Germany due to overcollection of plants in the wild.