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Blue Seed Opium Poppy
Papaver somniferum var. nigrum
Uses: Culinary/Medicinal/Industrial Duration: Annual
When to Sow: Spring/Late Summer/Early Fall Ease of Germination: Easy
Source of opium and the narcotic alkaloids, morphine and codeine used to control pain, coughs and diarrhea. Its seeds, which do not contain alkaloids, are widely used as "poppy seeds" on breads, cakes, bagels, and in Middle Eastern delicacies such as halva. The seeds also yield a good quality oil used for salads and to make soap, ointments and paints.
-- BLUE SEEDED (var. nigrum) Slate-blue seeds, commonly used on baked goods.
NOTE: Because opium poppy seeds are used in baked goods and other foods, they are legal to possess and use in most countries. But growing the plants, even if only for seeds or as an ornamental flower, may not be strictly legal in many of those same countries. Still, a long history of cultivation in flower gardens suggests that authorities choose to overlook the plants as long as they are not grown for opium. If you have any concerns about the legal status of growing these poppies in your garden, please seek legal advice before planting.

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