| Wild Quinine |
| Parthenium integrifolium|
| Uses: Medicinal
|| Duration: Perennial (hardy in zones 5-9) |
| When to Sow: Spring/Late Summer/Early Fall
|| Ease of Germination: Moderate/Special Treatment Required |
American prairie native used medicinally by Indians. Diuretic for kidney and bladder complaints, and for gonorrhea. There is evidence it may have immune- enhancing properties like echinacea (to which it is a common adulterant).