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Pomeroon Bird Pepper
Capsicum frutescens 'Pomeroon Bird'
Uses: Culinary/Medicinal Duration: Annual
When to Sow: Spring Ease of Germination: Easy
This bird pepper was found growing in a passion fruit orchard near the Pomeroon River, in Guyana, South America. Guyanese bird pepper bushes can grow up to 3m tall and are copious producers of small, elongated, hot, red peppers that are highly sought after for use in sauces, curries, conserves, and dips. The bird pepper has been used in traditional medicine throughout the Guianas to strengthen the heart, as a laxative, to treat hook-worm nematode infections, as an ingredient in curare arrow and blowpipe poisons, and as a topical treatment for boils. This bird pepper (probably Capsicum frutescens) is not to be confused with bird peppers from Mexico or the southern U.S. (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) which can also grow as shrubs but tend to have round fruit. Both are called ‘bird peppers’ because birds - attracted to the tasty fruit -- deposit seeds along their flyways, acting as the primary dispersal agents.
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Currency: United States Dollar

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