Richters ProGrowers Info

Richters ProGrowers Info

  Chamomile (Matricaria recutita, Chamaemelum nobile )
Market Products:   (flower);   (flower);     Market size: 40,000 hectares (world), 4,800 ha (North America)   Prospects: prices up, volume stable
Culture Seed density: 10,000-18,000 seeds/gram   Exposure: full sun   Soil: light, well-drained, moist to dry   Crop duration: 1 year (M. recutita), 2-3 years (C. nobile)
    Sowing rate: 3-4 kg/ha (direct), 1 kg/ha (indirect)   Planting: german (M. recutita) is sown direct in field in spring or fall. Fall sowings germinate following spring. Roman (C. nobile) is sown direct or indirect in plugs which are later planted in field. Surface sow only (needs light to germinate). Hand harvesting flowers problematic in areas where labour cost is high; mechanical harvesting still unproven.   Field spacing: 10-50cm between rows x 10-25cm within rows, or broadcast sown.   Yield: dry flower 350-500kg/ha (M. recutita; year 1), 600-1000 kg/ha (C. nobile; years 1-3).   Pests: cnephasia moth   Diseases: aster yellows.   Buyers want: 0.4% or more volatile oil.  
  Sowing rate: 1g/1000plants.   Planting: german (M. recutita) not normally sold in pots; roman (C. nobile) and its varieties are sold in pots or plugs. Seeds need light to germinate; surface sow only.   Seeds to finished plugs: 6 weeks.   Plugs to saleable plants: 4-6 weeks.   Pests: aphid, mealybug   Diseases: few problems.  
– Dried Production     – Fresh Production     – Oil Production     – Potted Plant Production    

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