Richters ProGrowers Info

Richters ProGrowers Info

  Chile Pepper (Capsicum annuum, C. spp.)
Market Products:   (fruit);   (fruit);     Market size: 100,000 hectares (world), 10,000 ha (North America)   Prospects: prices up, volume up
Culture Seed density: 80-250 seeds/gram   Exposure: full sun   Soil: light, well-drained, loam, pH 6.5-7.5   Crop duration: 1 year
    Sowing rate: 10kg/ha (direct), 0.5-1kg/ha (indirect).   Planting: should not follow in soils where pepper, eggplant, tobacco, potato, tomato and other Solanaceae were grown previously. Needs 21-30°C to do well. Minimum 16°C soil temperature required for germination In cooler temperate zones. Sow in flats or plugs 8-12 weeks before spring field planting. In warmer zones (e.g. southern U.S.), can be sown direct in field. Cultivation similar to bell peppers, except longer, warmer season required (65-80 days). Easily killed by frost. Excess nitrogen feeding will reduce fruit production. Irrigation necessary in drier areas; can improve yields 6-fold.   Field spacing: 90-130cm between rows x 30-60cm within rows.   Yield: fresh fruit 8-15t/ha, dry fruit 2t/ha (year 1).   Pests: aphid, ground beetle, pepper weevil   Diseases: xanthomonas bacterial spot, anthracnose, and many others.   Buyers want: varies greatly depending on the market.  
  Sowing rate: 10-25g/1000plants.   Planting: sow 10-12 weeks before sale. Sow in flats or plugs. Mostly sold in 4- or 6-packs in spring like bedding annuals, or in pots.   Seeds to finished plugs: 8 weeks.   Plugs to saleable plants: 3 weeks.   Pests: whitefly, spider mite, aphid   Diseases: few problems.  
– Dried Production     – Fresh Production     – Oil Production     – Potted Plant Production    

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